When conservative treatments fail to provide relief for a herniated disc, spinal fusion surgery may be recommended. This article explores spinal fusion surgery as a treatment option for herniated discs, its purpose, the procedure itself, and what patients can expect during recovery.

What is Spinal Fusion Surgery?

Spinal fusion surgery is a procedure that aims herniated disc surgery price to join two or more adjacent vertebrae together to create spinal stability. This is often necessary when a herniated disc has led to instability or when the disc itself is severely damaged.

The Surgical Process

  1. Preparation: Before the surgery, patients undergo a comprehensive evaluation, including imaging tests to assess the extent of damage and instability in the spine.
  2. Anesthesia: Spinal fusion surgery is performed under general anesthesia, rendering the patient unconscious during the procedure.
  3. Incision: The surgeon makes an incision over the affected area of the spine, typically from the front (anterior approach) or back (posterior approach).
  4. Removal of damaged disc: The surgeon removes the herniated or damaged disc and any bone spurs that may be contributing to the compression of nerves.
  5. Fusion: To create spinal stability, the surgeon inserts bone graft material or a synthetic bone substitute between the vertebrae. In some cases, metal hardware such as screws and rods may be used to hold the vertebrae in place.
  6. Closure: After the fusion is complete, the incision is closed with sutures or staples, and a dressing is applied.

Recovery and Rehabilitation

Recovery from spinal fusion surgery is a more extensive process compared to minimally invasive procedures like microdiscectomy. Patients can expect:

  • Hospital stay: Patients may need to stay in the hospital for a few days following surgery.
  • Immobilization: Depending on the surgical approach and the patient’s condition, a brace or collar may be required for a period to restrict motion and aid in fusion.
  • Physical therapy: Rehabilitation is an essential part of the recovery process, helping patients regain strength, flexibility, and mobility.
  • Return to normal activities: The timeline for returning to work and regular activities can vary but is typically longer than with less invasive procedures.

Spinal fusion surgery is a valuable option for individuals with herniated discs that have led to spinal instability or severe damage. While it involves a more extended recovery process and carries certain risks, it can provide long-term relief and stability for those who need it. Patients should discuss their specific case with a healthcare provider to determine if spinal fusion is the right treatment option for them.

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